Edward James “Jim” Corbett was born in Nainital in the former United Provinces (current states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) in India. He was a naturalist, writer, and hunter. He is of Irish ancestry and his father, William Christopher was a postmaster...
Edward James “Jim” Corbett was born in Nainital in the former United Provinces (current states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand) in India. He was a naturalist, writer, and hunter. He is of Irish ancestry and his father, William Christopher was a postmaster in Nainital. Jim attended the Oak Openings School (now called Birla Vidya Mandir). He left school at the age of 19 and joined Bengal and North Western Railway as a fuel inspector in the Punjab and later as a contractor at Mokameh Ghat in Bihar.
As a child, Corbett could identify the sounds of birds and animals; his love for the jungle and the game turned him into a hunter and a writer. In the years between 1907 and 1938, he shot 19 tigers and 14 leopards. He hunted alone or with a dog called Robin who was mentioned in his book, The Man Eaters of Kumaon.
However Corbett turned into a wildlife conservationist. He was associated with the Association for the Preservation of Game in the United Provinces and the All-India Conference for the Preservation of Wildlife. He also filmed tigers and spoke with children regarding the importance of natural heritage and conservation.
The BBC had made a documentary on Jim Corbett titled The Man Eaters of India. A movie by IMAX titled India: Kingdom of the Tiger was made on him in 2002.
Corbett's home in Chhoti Haldwani, Kaladhungi was converted into a museum. Jungle Lore is believed to be his autobiography while the Man Eaters of Kumaon was instantly popular in the UK and the US.
The Indochinese Tiger breed has been renamed as Corbett's tiger or Panthera Tigris Corbetti.
The Champawat Tiger in Champawat (the first tiger shot by Corbett) was responsible for killing 436 people. The man eater, the Leopard of Rudraprayag had victimized pilgrims for ten years until he was killed by Corbett.
FW Champion and Corbett had worked towards the founding of India's first national park in the Kumaon Hills. It was initially called the Hailey National Park named after Lord Malcolm Hailey. It was later renamed to the Corbett National Park.